Reviewing Your Sources

Let’s say the paragraph came after something important before and you needed to make that topic sentence also a linking sentence so it might begin with something like despite the warnings of a few doubters Australia has been involved in the Iraq war or as we have seen there was considerable its pressure from the Bush administration but Australia has been so that a topic sentence can also be a linking sentence and it may often be one now here’s some ideas for ways to get over that sort of throat clearing business where you get from one paragraph to the next and I’m not going to read them out because you can all read for yourselves except to point out that this trick of the the literature shows at least three reasons new paragraph first that need likely black second bloody.

But by the time you get up to eighth you’ve probably pushed that device a little bit too far so but three or four is okay and here’s a few more now there is no shame it’s not plagiarism to look at a well-written article or book and see how that author has managed to get himself or herself from one paragraph to the next I would say that if you were to begin a paragraph with these facts suggest no one will say you’ve pledged to plagiarize that from this handout I think it’s kind of a very common phrase um well so here’s our summary on paragraphing which I won’t read out to you because you can all read yourselves except to mention this but because each paragraph begins with a topic sentence if you’re doing a spot of speed reading with the introductory paragraph that’s an article and the concluding one and then whizzed through and look at the topic sentences now I’m not saying that’s how you should read it you’re going to traitor so seriously but if you want to work out whether this source is worth your serious treatment.

That’s a good way of just getting the gist of what the person saying having a quick zoom through well next bit about clear expression short sentences here we get up some last grammatical jargon a sentence contains a subject a finite verb and often an object as well here’s a nice sentence Judith as the subject draws the pictures judith draws pictures Parliament passes laws subject third object tenants pay rent subject verb object but the important thing about talking about this it’s not too good in your minds too much with subjects and objects but to get the idea of a finite verb across a sentence is a complete thought and the thing about a sentence is we hold it in our short-term memory judith draws pictures right I’ve got that what’s the next sentence if the sentence goes on and on and on Judith draws amazing pictorial representations of prehistoric dinosaurs with 60 heads and 40 feet and she doesn’t in pink purple and green and her mother really likes them you kind of get overwhelmed.

Working With Different Sources

Get used to reading your sources understanding but you have to find exact information to input to put to your outline you read and you take where I can use it you read the information and then you think in what exact paragraph can I come can I use it does it support this idea or another idea or should I make a separate paragraph developing this idea so you have already understood that what is very important in our outline in our essay is to have a thesis statement and a lot of students don’t understand what it is it is the main idea of the assing but a lot of students have problems wording yes creating their sees statements and now we will consider what thesis statements should do and how it can look like for each type of an essay so your school assets and your total assets should state your opinion and show what points you will use to support your opinion you are allowed to use I in it. Ultimate essay guides on Edusson.

So the example maybe I believe it is better to live in the city because and you give these three supporting points which you are going to develop ABC so it is important to structure our LC you give X is a statement and a will be your first paragraph B will be a second body paragraph and see there will be a third body paragraph this is the basic idea you should understand but different types of papers have it a little bit different for example a rhetorical analysis has requires you to state whether the analyzed article is subtractive or not and why an ad of this ad is partisan Laguz the analysis of a poem of a short story of an article we have to explain what this article or this poem communicates and how basically what you have to do is to look for ABC of the author of the article so they order them also of the article as he writes his supports his sustainment with ABC and your task is to show that you understand how he creates his argument how he supports his scissor statement.

For example in the article its title yes the author create an attractive argument against the use of technology at school and your first paragraph yes will be he suggests that it distracts children and you develop it using the examples from the article okay I read the question of course it takes time but actually there are different types of papers you always have to give some support in total asses you may imagine you don’t necessarily need to have the experience you can invent for example you may say about someone who lived in the city and have the opportunity to visit all the theaters in cinemas and became a theater lover at the end yes you may invent invent email be creative just brainstorm for other types for argumentative essays for Commerce taxi you have to read the sources.

Argument Essay Prompt: Movie Ratings

The current system for rating movies in America has been in place since 1996. According to the Motion Picture Association of America, “Movie ratings provide parents with advance information about the content of movies to help them determine what’s appropriate for their children,” and they “provide parents the tools they need to make informed decisions about what their children watch.”

Some people argue that the movie rating system is unfair, outdated, and/or ineffective. Others feel that a system is an effective tool for parents who need a method by which they can judge the appropriateness of a movie for viewing by their children.

In your opinion is the current movie rating system adequate? Or should it be changed? Using appropriate evidence, write an essay in which you evaluate the pros and cons of changing the current movie rating system and indicate why you feel one position is more persuasive than the other.

The ratings used from 1996 to present are the following:

  • Rated G: GENERAL AUDIENCES—All ages admitted
  • Rated PG: PARENTAL GUIDANCE SUGGESTED—Some material may not be suitable for children
  • Rated PG-13: PARENTS STRONGLY CAUTIONED—Some material may be inappropriate for children under 13.
  • Rated R: RESTRICTED—Under 17 requires accompanying parent or adult guardian.

Essay Writing I: Example.

Now that we have learned about the what is an essay and about the standard structure here is the example of each component in response to the following question:
“Do changes that make our lives easier not necessarily make them better?” (College Board, 2012; p575).

A1: Hook| What is the meaning of life? A2: Information| Over the last few decades, technological improvements have made many previously difficult tasks easy and given people more time to pursue personal
goals, however, have also caused some problems that did not exist before. A3: Thesis| Consequently, not all changes that have made our lives more convenient, have also made them better. A4: Signpost| Evidence taken
from fast-food, mobile phones and cars will reinforce the thesis.
B1: Topic| The introduction of fast-food has made life more convenient, but with its negative impact on health, has not made life better. B2: Information| After a full day of work, people are now unwilling to cook for themselves, but instead prefer to rely on fast-food to save time. This trend is becoming more common and seriously damages the health of the people. B3: Evidence| For example, due to the massive increase in fast-food outlets and consumption, China is currently suffering an obesity crisis. B4: Analysis| China was a country once famed for its delicious food and healthy diets. But with the increasing pressure from society, Chinese citizens have turned to unhealthy western fast food chains in order to save time, but as a result are damaging their health and suffering from obesity of a serious scale. B5: Link| Therefore, although fast food has undouble made our life more convenient, due to the health-related consequences it has not made life better.
C1: Restate| In conclusion, not all changes that have made life convenient have also made life better. C2: Reasoning| More convenient does not mean necessarily better, as in the case of fast-food, mobile phones and cars. C3: Future| If everyone valued only convenience, all other aspects of life would fall apart and so too would human ability.

Essay Writing I: Standard structure.

As it was said in the previous post – the minimum number of paragraphs an essay can have is 3 (Introduction, body, conclusion), however, in most cases, this is not an acceptable format for an essay. The most commonly accepted standard essay format is 5 paragraphs with 3 body paragraphs.

Intro –  Thesis statement (“OK interesting idea, but what support do you have?”)

Body 1  – “Hmm , well It could be true, but I’m still not convinced”

Body 2 – “Alright it Seems that it might be true”

Body 3 – “Ok, its probably true”

Conc. – “Its true”


Essay: Components of each paragraph.
The introduction, conclusion and body paragraphs all have different purposes within an essay. As does each component of a paragraph. For instance, the reason statement of a body paragraph is not designed to achieve a
different goal to that of the evidence.

A. Introduction.

COMPONENT:                                                      PURPOSE:
A1. Hook statement   –  To attract the attention of the reader.
A2. More information -To introduce and give some details about the topic area.
A3. Thesis statement – To provide a direct answer to the question.
A4. Signposting – To show how the essay will support its thesis.

B. Body paragraphs.

COMPONENT:                                                     PURPOSE:
B1. Topic (reason) sentence – To clearly show the topic (reason) of the paragraph, which should support the thesis.
B2. More information – To develop the paragraph topic and add more important details.
B3. Evidence – To provide evidence to strengthen the paragraph topic (reason).
B4. Analysis – To show how the evidence is directly connected to and supports the topic (reason).
B5. Closing link – To clearly link the entire paragraph to the essay thesis.

C. Conclusion.

COMPONENT:                                                     PURPOSE:
C1. Restate  – Thesis To remind the reader of the argument being made.
C2. Reasoning outline – To remind the reader of the reasoning that was used to support the thesis.
C3. Future statement  – To make the reader think in a deeper way about the presented argument.

Essay Writing I: The Basics of an Essay.

Essays are an important part of formal education in countries such as the United Kingdom and the United States of America. They are useful tools for educational institutes to assess student understanding of a topic or idea.

What is an essay?

An essay is a logical and well-organized piece of writing that presents and argues a point of view (opinion) on a topic or question. It uses evidence to support any claims made in an attempt to remain factual and objective.
Simply put:
“An essay is a written ARGUMENT that contains evidence and logic to support its reasoning and conclusions.”
Although an essay is used to present an author’s point of view toward a topic or specific question, it does not become an effective essay until it turns this point of view (opinion) into an argument.

Opinion vs. Argument: The difference.

Simply, an argument is an improved opinion. The Oxford Dictionary (2010) defines them as:
• Opinion: “A view or judgment formed about something, not necessarily based on fact or knowledge”
• Argument: “A reason or set of reasons given in support of an idea, action or theory” As an example consider this question (College Board, 2012; p575):
“Do changes that make our lives easier not necessarily make them better?”

Essay: Standard structure.

The minimum number of paragraphs an essay can have is 3 (Introduction, body, conclusion), however, in most cases, this is not an acceptable format for an essay. The most commonly accepted standard essay format is 5 paragraphs with 3 body paragraphs. Each body paragraph should progressively make the argument more convincing (shown in the
illustration below), therefore the more body paragraphs present, the more the more support the thesis receives and the more convincing the argument will become.
“No, not all changes that have made our lives more convenient have made them better.”
• Simply answers the question
“No, not all changes that have made our lives more convenient have made them better. Some have made us unhealthy.”
• Answers the question and provides some reasoning.
“No, not all changes that have made our lives more convenient have made them better. Some have made us unhealthy. Take for example fast food.”
• Answers the question, and provides some supported reasoning.
NOTE: To form a 4-5 star argument, analysis of the support (the evidence) for the reasoning is needed.

Strategies to Organize an Argumentative Essay

Consider your topic and choose the strategy that best serves it

All argumentative essays have PROS and CONS. The best way to strategize is to decide what the PRO and CON points are and then organize them in one of the following ways:

Strategy #1


PRO Idea 1

PRO Idea 2

PRO Idea 3

Counterargument and rebuttals/refutations

CON Idea 1 and Refutation

CON Idea 2 and Refutation

CON Idea 3 and Refutation


Strategy #2


CON Idea 1 and Refutation

CON Idea 2 and Refutation

CON Idea 3 and Refutation


PRO Idea 1

PRO Idea 2

PRO Idea 3


Argumentative Writing

DEFINITION:  An argumentative essay uses reasoning, logic, and evidence—not emotion—to take a definitive stand on a controversial or debatable issue. The essay explores two sides of a topic and proves why one side or position is the best.



 Thesis: While many believe social networking sites are increasing Americans’ ability to work together and communicate, in reality, these sites are eroding social customs and disintegrating relationships between peers, family members, and co-workers.

  1. Americans’ overuse of social media sites is complicating both peer relationships and dating relationships [Topic Sentence-Claim 1].
  2. Relationship statistics
  3. 2012 research study- Facebook
  4. 57% of teens- online fight
  5. 85%-misinterpreted messages from friends

iii. online breakups

  1. Online bullying statistics
  2. Not only are peer relationships negatively affected by this dependence on sites like Facebook, family relationships are also under attack [Topic Sentence-Claim 2].

Family relationships

  1. 60%- families and technology at dinner table
  2. Too much time on devices; little family time
  3. Negative communication about family
    1. Girl criticizes family on Facebook, father shoots laptop
    2. Boy accuses falsely accuses father of abuse; police called

III. Lastly, relationships between co-workers and between employees and employers are facing new challenges as a result of social media sites [Topic Sentence –Claim 3].

  1. Work relationships
    1. Distractions at work
    2. Ethical behavior at work
      1. “sick days”
      2. Posting on Facebook results in firing

If you want to know how to Organize an Argumentative Essay keep on reading my blog!