Essay Writing I: Standard structure.

As it was said in the previous post – the minimum number of paragraphs an essay can have is 3 (Introduction, body, conclusion), however, in most cases, this is not an acceptable format for an essay. The most commonly accepted standard essay format is 5 paragraphs with 3 body paragraphs.

Intro –  Thesis statement (“OK interesting idea, but what support do you have?”)

Body 1  – “Hmm , well It could be true, but I’m still not convinced”

Body 2 – “Alright it Seems that it might be true”

Body 3 – “Ok, its probably true”

Conc. – “Its true”


Essay: Components of each paragraph.
The introduction, conclusion and body paragraphs all have different purposes within an essay. As does each component of a paragraph. For instance, the reason statement of a body paragraph is not designed to achieve a
different goal to that of the evidence.

A. Introduction.

COMPONENT:                                                      PURPOSE:
A1. Hook statement   –  To attract the attention of the reader.
A2. More information -To introduce and give some details about the topic area.
A3. Thesis statement – To provide a direct answer to the question.
A4. Signposting – To show how the essay will support its thesis.

B. Body paragraphs.

COMPONENT:                                                     PURPOSE:
B1. Topic (reason) sentence – To clearly show the topic (reason) of the paragraph, which should support the thesis.
B2. More information – To develop the paragraph topic and add more important details.
B3. Evidence – To provide evidence to strengthen the paragraph topic (reason).
B4. Analysis – To show how the evidence is directly connected to and supports the topic (reason).
B5. Closing link – To clearly link the entire paragraph to the essay thesis.

C. Conclusion.

COMPONENT:                                                     PURPOSE:
C1. Restate  – Thesis To remind the reader of the argument being made.
C2. Reasoning outline – To remind the reader of the reasoning that was used to support the thesis.
C3. Future statement  – To make the reader think in a deeper way about the presented argument.